2018年春牛津译林版英语八年级下册(导学案)Unit 4 grammar

Unit 4 A Good Read
Grammar
学习目标
1. 学会正确使用“特殊疑问句+动词不定式”的结构。
2. 学会正确使用must和have to。
重难点
能在语境中正确运用“特殊疑问句+动词不定式”的结构与must/have to。                                      
特殊疑问词+动词不定式
(1)此结构由疑问代词who, whom, what, which或疑问副词when, where, how等后接动词不定式构成。如:
Are you sure when to use this word?你清楚什么时候使用这个单词?
(2)此结构的用法
作宾语。常用的动词有:advise, ask, consider, decide, discuss, explain, forget, know, learn, remember, show, teach, tell, wonder等。如:
我们还没有决定去哪儿呢。你能建议我怎么选择吗?
We haven’t decided where to go. Could you advise me how to choose?
作主语。如:
When to have a meeting is a question.什么时候开会还是一个问题。
作表语。如:
My question is whether I need to take passport with me .我的问题是我是否需要带上签证。
must和have to
(1)must意思是“必须”,表示说话人的主观看法,即主观上认为有义务、有必要去做某事。Must没有时态和人称的变化,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,其否定形式mustn’t表示“不应该、禁止、不允许”。
(2)have to意思是“不得不”,表示客观方面的“必须”,即客观地、被迫地去做某事。Have to有时态和人称的变化,其否定形式does/do/didn’t have to表示“没必要”,相当于needn’t。
他们必须搞清楚谁上交了我的读书报告。
They must make it clear who hand in my reading report.
 因为昨天下大雨,我们不得不呆在家里。
We have to stay at home for the heavy rain yesterday.
一、翻译词组
和谁谈论这本书____________________________	
2. 什么时候与朋友见面_________________________ 
3.先选择哪一个______________________________ 	
4. 去哪儿需求帮助____________________________
5.上交我们的读书报告____________________________
6. 自学如何使用电脑绘画_______________________
7.讨论哪种颜色刷墙 __________________________ 	
8. 带多少钱在你身边 _________________________
9.推荐如此多有趣的书_________________________	
10. 搞清楚如何环游世界________________________
二、用“特殊疑问词 + to do”的结构改写下列句子
1.“What should I write for the report?” Daniel asked the teacher. 
Daniel asked the teacher ________________________
___________________________________________
2. “How do I get to the bus stop?” The policeman explained this to me. 
The policeman explained to me ____________________
___________________________________________
3. “Where can we see the new film?” Paul asked us. 
Paul asked us _________________________________
___________________________________________
4. “When should we have the football match?” We need to decide. 
We need to decide _____________________________
____________________________________________
5. “Who should we ask to get tickets for the show?” Sally found this out. 
Sally found this out_____________________________
____________________________________________
6. “Which shirt should I wear to the party?” I don’t know. 
I don’t know _________________________________
___________________________________________
三、单选题
1. —Excuse me, could you tell me ________ get to the nearest bank. 
— Sorry, I am new here. 
how can I   		    B. how I could   		
C. how to   			    D. what I can 
2. Linda doesn’t know __________ about her problems. 
A. who to talk to   	     B. where to talk to   	
C. whom to talk   	     D. how to talk to 
3. Students in our school __________ know shouting is not allowed in public. 
A. can   	B. must   			C. may   			D. need
4. —Mum, must we wait until the light becomes green? 
— Yes, I’m afraid we _________. 
A. can    		B. may   		C. have to   			D. need
5. From March 23rd, 2013, anyone under the age of 14 _______ go into Disney ’s US parks alone. 
A. couldn’t    	B. mustn’t    		C. needn’t    	D. mightn’t 
答案:
一、
1.talk about the book with whom   2. when to meet friends     3. which to choose first     4. where to look for help      5.hand in our book report     6.taught himself how to use computer painting  7. discuss which color to paint  8. how much money to take with     9. recommend so many interesting books    10.find out how to travel around the world  
二、
what to write for the report       2.how to get to the bus stop      3.where to see the new film     4. when to have the football match    5. who to ask to get tickets for the show     6. which shirt to wear to the party   
三、
1.C    2.A    3.B    4.C   5.B 

Unit 4 A Good ReadGrammar学习目标1. ..Unit 4 A Good ReadGrammar学习目标1. 学会正确使用“特殊疑问句+动词不定式”的结构。2. 学会正确使用must和have to。重难点能在语境中正确运用“特殊疑问句+动词不定式”的结构与must/have to。 特殊疑问词+动词不定式(1)此结构由疑问代词who,

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