I. 完形填空 （15小题，每小题2分，共30分）
What do Chinese college graduates have in common with ants? The book “Ant Family” is about the 1 of some young people who go to Beijing after leaving university.
The book, which is based on two years on interviews 2 about 600 low-income college graduates in Beijing, 3 in mid-September.
The setting of 4 is several so-called “villages for college students” in outskirts of Beijing, where a large number of college graduates 5 . Most of these graduates 6 small or medium-sized businesses, getting less then 2,000 yuan a month. They live together because it’s cheap. Many of them travel several 7 a day for short-term jobs or job interviews.
8 the book, around 60% of these college graduates are 9 rural areas and smaller towns around China.. Back home, many of them are 10 of their families and possibly the best hope for the family. Many of them 11 their jobs during the financial crisis in late 2008.
Deng Kun, a 24- year-old college graduate, is an “ant” featured in the book. 12 __ graduating from his university in Yunnan Province, he 13 Beijing and lived in Tangjialing which is a small village 20 km from Tian’anmen Square because of the low 14 of living there. Though he had many setbacks over the past two years, he is still 15 .
Thanks to this book, the idea of “ant family” has been widely known among Chinese college graduates.
1. A. life B. time C. dream D. work
2. A. for B. among C. with D. without
3. A. came down B. came along C. came true D. came out
4. A. the graduates B. the book C. the village D. Beijing
5. A. play B. live C. travel D. study
6. A. look for B. work for C. wait for D. think for
7. A. minutes B. seconds C. times D. hours
8. A. According to B. Thanks to C. Because of D. Instead of
9. A. to B. in C. from D. with
10. A. the instance B. the pride C. feature D. character
11. A. got B. lost C. left D. forgot
12. A. For B. If C. Before D. After
13. A. came to B. moved to C. visited D. toured
14. A. price B. situation C. cost D. pay
15. A. hopeful B. disappointed C. excited D. sad
II. 阅读理解 （10小题，每小题2分，共20分）
Fish have ears. Really. They're quite small and have no opening to the outside world carrying sound through the body. For the past seven years, Simon Thorrold, a university professor, has been examining fish ears, small round ear bones called otoliths.
As fish grow, so do their otoliths. Each day, their otoliths gain a ring of calcium carbonate(碳酸钙).By looking through a microscope and counting these rings, Thorrold can determine the exact age of a young fish. As a fish gets older, its otoliths no longer get daily rings. Instead, they get yearly rings, which can also be counted, giving information about the fish's age, just like the growth rings of a tree.
Ring counting is nothing new to fish scientists. But Thorrold has turned to a new direction. They're examining the chemical elements of each otolith ring.
The daily ring gives us the time, but chemistry tells us about the environment in which the fish swam on any given day. These elements tell us about the chemistry of the water that the fish was in. It also says something about water temperature, which determines how much of these elements will gather within each otolith ring.
Thorrold can tell, for example, if a fish spent time in the open ocean before entering the less salty water of coastal areas. He can basically tell where fish are spending their time at any given stage of history.
In the case of the Atlantic croaker, a popular saltwater food fish, Thorrold and his assistant have successfully followed the travelling of young fish from mid-ocean to the coast, a journey of many hundreds of miles.
This is important to managers in the fish industry, who know nearly nothing about the whereabouts of the young fish for most food fish in the ocean. Eager to learn about his technology, fish scientists are now lending Thorrold their ears.
16. What can we learn about fish ears from the text?
A. They are small soft rings. B. They are openings only on food fish.
C. They are not seen from the outside. D. They are not used to receive sound.
. Why does the writer compare the fish to trees?
A. Trees gain a growth ring each day. B. Trees also have otoliths.
C. Their growth rings are very small. D. They both have growth rings.
18. The Atlantic croaker is ___________.
A. a fish research B. a fishing company C. an ocean area D. a fish
19. Why is it important to study the chemistry of otolith rings?
A. The elements of the otoliths can tell the history of the sea.
B. Chemical contents of otoliths can tell how fast fish can swim.
C. We can know more about fish and their living environment.
D. Scientists can know exactly how old a fish is.
. How would you understand “fish scientists are now lending Thorrold their ears”?
A. They are very interested in Thorrold's research findings.
B. They want to know where they can find fish.
C. They lend their fish for chemical studies.
D. They wonder if Thorrold can find growth rings from their ears.
Computer programmer David Jones earned $ 150,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank prepared to let him have a check card . Instead, he has been told to wait another two years until he is 18.
He works for a small firm in Liverpool, where most young people of his age are finding jobs. David’s biggest headache is what to do with his money. Though he has high payment, he cannot drive a car, or get credit cards.
David got his job four months ago, a year after leaving school with six O-Levels(普通成绩) and working for a time in a computer shop. “I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs,” he said.
“I suppose $150,000 sounds a lot but I hope it will come to more than that this year.” He spends some of his money on records and clothes, and gives his mother $20 a week as he lives with his parents. But most of his spare time is spent working.
“Unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school,” he said. “ But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time. I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school. Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway. I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement is a possibility. You never know when the market might disappear.
21. why is David so different from other young people of his age?
A .He has got a job. B. He lives at home with his parents
C .He does not get out much. D. He earns a high payment
22. David’s greatest problem is that _____.
A. he can’t be treated as an adult (grown-up) by the bank
B. he can’t make as many games as he wishes
C .he doesn’t know what to buy with the money
D. he is too young to drive a car
23. He was employed by the company because _____
A .he had worked in a computer shop
B. he had written some computer programs
C. he is clever and works hard at his lessons
D. he had learnt computer from books and magazines
24. He left school after taking six O-Levels because ____.
A. he was afraid of getting too old to start computing B. he didn’t enjoy school
C. he wanted to work with computers D. he wanted to earn a lot of money.
25. Why does David think he might retire early?
A. He thinks computer games might not always sell so well.
B. He wants to stop working when he is a millionaire.
C. One has to be young to write computer programs
D. He thinks his firm might close down.
III. 阅读信息题：根据短文内容，找出相关信息，完成表格 （小题，每小题分，共分）
Scientists said that in the past 100 years, as the global temperatures went up by 0.74℃, the temperature in North China had climbed 1.4℃ in only 50 years. China needs to to cut carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) emission (排放), because it's the main reason for global warming.The good news is that China has seen the importance of going green. Can you slow down global warming? Sure! Here are some advice.
▲Buy fewer clothes that are unnecessary. Wearing your brother's, sister's or dad's old
T-shirts means you save the energy. ▲ Change your light bulbs . Use energy-saving light bulbs. And don't forget to turn off the
lights when you leave a room and turn off your television and computer when they are not in
use! ▲Take the bus. Taking a bus saves a lot of oil every year. ▲ Say no to plastic bags. The next time you go to the market, use baskets. ▲ Open a window. Don't use the air conditioner (空调), and let some fresh air in . When you have to use the conditioner, set the temperature higher in the summer and lower in the winter to save energy. Make small changes in your daily life. Don't use one-off cups, bags or boxes. It's time for all of us to do something to save the earth. The reason for
global warming Too much carbon dioxide in the air How to 26 the earth Wear 27 clothes.
Use energy-saving light bulbs and 28 to turn off the lights when you leave a room .
3. Take the bus. 4. Use 29 instead of plastic bags when shopping. 5. Try to use the air conditioner 30 .
IV. 短文填空 （ 10小题，每小题2分，共20分）
travel, nation, video, ill, we, mix, find, other, know, because
Some of 31 stand out from the crowds. But few are as special as this all-black penguin. Andrew Evans, a 32 Geographic photographer, saw the black penguin on the island of South Georgia in the Antarctic.(南极)
He was there with a group of 33 to watch local wildlife. He took pictures and 34 of it .
The black penguin showed “no different behavior than of his fellow penguins. In fact, he seemed 35 well,” Evans wrote on a National Geographic blog.
Almost all of the penguins we have seen are black and white. Biology experts say this penguin is different 36 it is suffering from a special 37 . The illness turns his skin black. About one in every 250,000 penguins has the illness, but no 38 all-black ones have been 39 before. Because they are rare, very little is 40 about all-black penguins.
I. 完形： 1- 5 A C D B B 6-10 B D A C B 11-15 B D A C A
II. 阅读：16-20 C D D C A 21-25 ＤA B C A
26. save 27. used 28. remember 29. baskets 30. less
31. us 32.National 33. travelers 34. videos 35. to mix
36. because 37. illness 38. other 39. found 40. known