Chapter1《A letter from a pen-friend》教案3(牛津上海八年级上)

Chapter 1 A letter from a pen-friend
    Teaching target
    1 Using a and an
    2 Listening: Completing a table of information
    3 Speaking - Speak up
    Preparation
    1 Student's Book 8A, pages 7, 10, 11 & 12
    2 Grammar Practice Book 8A, page 6
    3 Workbook 8A, page 4
    A small check-up
    1 Complete the questions with What…/Who…/Where…/How…
    a)A:  __________ your parents?
      B:They're very well.
    b)A:__________ the bus stop?
      B:At the end of the street.
    c)A:__________ your children?
      B:Five, six and ten.
    d)A:__________ are these oranges?
      B:1.20 a kilo.
    e)A:__________ your favourite sport?
      B:Skiing.
    f)A:__________ the man in this photograph?
      B:That's my father.
    g)A:__________ your new shoes?
      B:Black.
    2 Put in have got ('ve got), has got('s got), haven't got or hasn't got:
    a)Sarah __________ a car. She goes everywhere by bicycle.
    b)They like animals. They __________ three dogs and two cats.
    c)Charles isn't happy. He __________ a lot of problems.
    d)They don't read much. They __________ many books.
    e)'What's wrong?'  'I __________ something in my eye.'
    f)'Where's my pen?'  'I don't know. I __________ it.'
    g)Julia wants to go to the concert but she __________ a ticket.
    Using a and an
    1 Ask students to put a in the following blanks if necessary.
    ____ girl  ____ dog  ____ sports
    ____ person ____ people  ____ house
    ____ children
    Question:
    Why can't we put 'a' in front of sports, people and children?
    We use a with singular nouns.
    2 Ask students to put a in the following blanks if necessary.
    ____ box  ____ banana  ___ honey
    ____ ink  ____ job  ____ teacher
    ____ traffic
    Question:
    Why can't we put 'a' in front of honey, ink and traffic?
    ?  We use a with countable nouns.
    3  Ask students to put a or an in the following blanks.
    ____ elephant  ____ apple  ____ cat
    ____ aunt    ____ beach  ____ test
    ____ idiot
    ? We use an with words that begins with a, e, i, o, u.
    4 Ask students to put a or an in the following blanks.
____ hour ____ hospital ____ hope
____ honour ____ honest man
? We use an in front of words that begin with h if h is silent.
5 Ask students to put a or an in the following blanks.
____ European country ____ university
____ ugly man
? We use a in front of words that begin with eu or u if the first sound is pronounced [ju:].
6 Conclusion:
a) We use a or an with countable singular nouns.
b) We use a before words beginning with consonant sounds.
c) We use an before words beginning with vowel sound.
7 Question: When do we use a or an?
a) You use a/an when you are talking about a person or thing for the first time.
There is a man at the door. (= I don't know which man)
I need to buy a new T-shirt. (= not one specific T-shirt)
b) You use a/an to talk about jobs.
My father is an engineer now, but he was a soldier before.
I worked as a secretary last summer. This year I want to be a shop assistant.
c) You use a/an = one with some numbers.
a hundred pounds   half a kilo   a few   a million people   a litre of wine      an hour   a lot (of)  a thousand times
8 Have students finish sections B1 and B2 in B Using a and an on page 10. Then check the answers orally.
9 Have students do the following additional exercise.
[Additional exercise]
1 Write a or an.
a) ____ old book
b) ____ window
c) ____ horse
d) ____ airport
e) ____ new airport
f) ____ organization
g) ____ university
h) ____ hour
i) ____ economic problem
2 What are these things? Choose from the list.
bird fruit mountain river
musical instrument flower game
planet tool vegetable
a) A duck is ____________.
b) A carrot is ____________.
c) Tennis is ____________.
d) A hammer is ____________.
e) Everest is ____________.
f) Jupiter is ____________.
g) A pear is ____________.
h) The Amazon is __
i)A rose is ___________.
j)A trumpe
Listening
Completing a table of information
1 Revise vocabulary in the listening passage. Explain this task clearly to students.
  complete  /  v.  finish doing or making something
  table  /  n.  a list of facts and numbers
  information  /  n.  what you tell others; facts
  play a game
  describe  /  v.  say what something or somebody is like or what happened
2 Play the recording once, and let students start to fill in the table. Play the recording a second time. Afterwards, check the answers by asking students to read out their answers.
Introduce:
  blond /blCnd/ a. fair-haired (We use blond instead of yellow when we talk about someone's hair. We use blonde for women
3 Tape scripts:
  Sidney: Right, number one.
  Mary: Is it a boy or a girl?
  Sidney: It's a boy.
  Mary: What colour his hair?
  Sidney: It's black.
  Mary: How long is his hair?
  Sidney: It's not long. He has short hair.
  Mary: What colour are his eyes?
  Sidney: Brown.
  Mary: How tall is he?
  Sidney: He's four feet six inches.
  Mary: Where was he born?
  Sidney: He was born in Hong Kong.
  Mary: What is his favourite sport?
  Sidney: Football.
  Sidney: Now, number two.
  Mary: Is it a boy or a girl?
  Sidney: It's a girl.
  Mary: What colour is her hair?
  Sidney: It's brown.
  Mary: How long is her hair?
  Sidney: It's very long.
  Mary: What colour are her eyes?
  Sidney: Brown.
  Mary: How tall is she?
  Sidney: She's four feet five inches.
  Mary: Where was she born?
  Sidney: She was born in England.
  Mary: What is her favourite sport?
  Sidney: Hockey.
  Sidney: Now, number three.
  Mary: Is it a boy or a girl?
  Sidney: It's a girl.
  Mary: What colour is her hair?
  Sidney: It's black.
  Mary: How long is her hair?
  Sidney: She has short hair.
  Mary: What colour are her eyes.
  Sidney: Brown.
  Mary: How tall is she?
  Sidney: She's four feet three inches.
  Mary: Where was she born?
  Sidney: She was born in England.
  Mary: What is her favourite sport?
  Sidney: Badminton.
  Sidney: Now, number four. The last one.
  Mary: Right, is it a boy or a girl?
  Sidney: It's a boy.
  Mary: What colour is his hair?
  Sidney: He has blond hair.
  Mary: How long is his hair?
  Sidney: It's not long. He has short hair.
  Mary: What colour are his eyes?
  Sidney: Blue.
  Mary: How tall is he?
  Sidney: Four feet seven inches.
  Mary: Where was he born?
  Sidney: He was born in Hong Kong.
  Mary: What's his favourite sport?
  Sidney: Rugby.
Speaking
  1 Give students some time to finish the introduction for one of their friends. 
  2 Ask students to refer to B Speak up on page 12.
  3 Ask individuals to introduce the friend he/she wrote about to the whole class.
  4 Extension activity:
  This activity can be extended by asking students to add Do you have any questions? to the end of their introduction. The rest of the class could then be encouraged to ask the student questions such as:
  a) How many brothers/sisters has he/she got?
  b) How old is/are he/she/they?
  c) What are his/her hobbies/interests?
  d) When does he/she go to bed?
  e) What games does he/she like best?
  f) What's his/her ambition?
  If the students does not know the answer, he/she first asks his/her firend and then announces the new information to the class. A sample dialogue might look like this:
  Class How many brothers has she got?
  Student I don't know. (to friend) How many brothers do you have?
  Class I have no brothers.
  Student She has no brothers.
Consolidation
  1 Grammar Practice Book 8A, page 6
  2 Workbook 8A, page 4
  3 Oxford English (Shanghai Edition) Practices and Assessments Series 8A, pages 5 & 6, sections G ~ I in Grammar.
  4 Bring dictionaries to class next period
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Chapter 1 A letter from a pen-friend..Chapter 1 A letter from a pen-friend    Teaching target    1 Using a and an    2 Listening: Completing a table of information    3 Speaking - Speak up    Preparation    1 Student's Book 8A...

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A letter from a pen-friend 牛津上海 八年级上 英语
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