Unit10《On a flight》学案1(北京课改七年级下)

Unit 10 On a flight
一. 内容:
Unit 10 On a flight
 
二、目标
   ① 知识目标	熟练掌握本单元的单词、短语、句型和语法
② 能力目标	能够熟练运用本单元的知识为某个公共场所制定安全公约。
 
三、重难点
    重点:征求对方允许的功能句
    难点:课文中语言的理解
 
四、本单元重点知识:
1. 单词: 本单元中单词的音、形、意
2. 词组
1) the final exam                 		期末考试      
2) prepare… for               			为……作准备 
3) have to                   			不得不        
4) take off                    		起飞           
5) soon after                  			不久           
6) have the final exam           		进行期末考试   
7) play the guitar                		弹吉它         
8) I’m afraid you can’t            		恐怕你不能     
9) by plane / air                  		乘飞机        
10) on a flight                     	坐飞机        
11) take one’s seat                  	坐在某人的座位上          
12) leave the passage                	留出走道      
13) get through                     	通过           
14) put on                         	穿上,戴上     
15) for a while/ moment / minute       	一会儿        
16) put up your hands / raise your hand  	举手
17) buy me a notebook               	给我买一个笔记本 
18) right now                       	现在,马上    
19) be quiet / keep quiet              	保持安静           
20) seem new 							似乎很新鲜     
21) wear school uniform              	穿校服
22) make no noise                   	不要吵
23) respect all your teachers           	尊敬你们的老师
24) both… and                     	两者都……. 
25) electronic dictionaries             	电子词典
26) laptop computers                 	笔记本电脑
27)  get into a fight or quarrel           	参与打架斗殴
28) use any dirty language             	说脏话
29) pay for                       		付款
30) in advance                    		提前
31) out of school                   	校外
3. 句型
1) Can I use the earphone in class? 在课上我能用耳机吗?
2) May I have a look at your pictures? 我可以看一下你的照片吗?
3) Don’t talk loudly in the classroom. 教室里不要大声说话。
4) The children are going to have the final exam. 孩子们不久要举行期末考试。
5) May I help you? 要我帮忙吗?/ 您需要点什么? 
6) Could you take your seat right now? 你马上坐到你的座位上去好吗?
7) Can I keep my bag with me? 我可以拿着我的包吗?
8) We’ll serve you cookies and drinks soon after the plane takes off. 
飞机起飞不久我们会为您提供饼干和饮料。 
9) Please wait until the plane takes off. 请等到飞机起飞。
10) You can put on the earphones to listen. 你可以戴上耳机听。
11) You can turn on the light right above your seat if you like. 
如果你愿意你可以把你座位正上方的灯打开。
12) May I have my own choice of the food and drink? 我可以吃我自己选的食物和饮料吗?
13) Could you be quiet for a while? 安静一会儿好吗?
14) She has a lot of work to do. 她有好多事情要做。
15) This is the first time for her to be on a flight. 这是她第一次坐飞机。
16) Everything seems new and exciting to her.在她看来一切都很新鲜和令人兴奋。
17) If you want to ask any questions in class, you have to raise your hand first. 
如果你课上想问问题,你得先举手。
4. 语法
1)在英语的交流中,征求对方允许时常用的句型:
Can I do sth. ?  
Could I do sth. ?  
May I do sth. ?  例如:
Can/ Could / May I help you, sir?   
Can / Could / May I use your bike? 
其中could 表示语气更有礼貌。
2)允许对方做某事时要用:
Yes, you can. / Yes, of course. / Sure. / Certainly.
不允许时要用:
Sorry. I’m afraid you can’t. 
No, you can’t. 这句话有些生硬,态度比较强硬
本单元中出现的从句有:时间状语从句和条件状语从句. 
3)时间状语从句:
We’ll serve you cookies and drinks soon after the plane takes off. 
飞机起飞不久我们会为您提供饼干和饮料。
4)条件状语从句:
If you need any help, you may just press the button here to ring the call-bell. 如果你需要任何帮助,可以按一下这里的呼叫铃按钮。
五、本单元重点知识讲解:
1. 交际功能句:
1). 征求对方允许时常用的句型
Can I do sth. ?  
Could I do sth. ?  
May I do sth. ?  例如:
Can/ Could / May I help you, sir?   
Can / Could / May I use your bike?
2). 允许对方做某事时要用:
Yes, you can. / Yes, of course. / Sure. / Certainly.
不允许时要用:
Sorry. I’m afraid you can’t. 
No, you can’t.
2. Can I go to bed a bit late tonight? 今天我能晚睡会儿吗?
a bit late   晚一点     
知识拓展:
a bit cold 
a bit hungry
a bit tired
a bit thirsty
a bit of milk
a bit of water
a bit of time
3. I don’t feel sleepy at all. 我根本就不感觉困。
feel sleepy   感觉困
知识链接
feel tired
feel bored
feel interested in …
feel well
feel happy
not…at all    根本不/没有
I don’t like mutton at all
There isn’t any milk in the bottle at all. 
She hasn’t finished her homework at all. 
典型例题:
根据中英文提示完成下列各句    我们根本就没看过那部电影。
We _______________________ the film _______________. 
他根本就不会弹吉它。
He __________________________________________. 
经过长时间的走路,他感觉特别累。
He __________________ after walking a long way. 
我想休息了,我感觉有点困。
I want to __________________, I __________________________. 
4. You don’t have to go to school tomorrow. 
have to do sth.  不得不做某事
It’s too late. I have to go home at once. 
Do you have to finish your work first?
We don’t have to cook dinner, we can go to the restaurant together. 
5. It is the first time for her to be on a flight. 这是她第一次坐飞机。
  It is the first time for sb. to do sth. 这是某人第一次做某事
  例如:
  It is the first time for me to visit the Great Wall. 
  It is the first time for her to come to Tian’an men Square. 
  be on a flight   坐飞机  同义词:take a plane
6. Everything seems new and exciting to her. 对于她来说一切好像都很新鲜而且刺激。
  seem + adj. 好像……. 
  例如:
  seem strange
  seem interesting
  seem young 
7. Sit down and leave the passage for those behind you to get through. 
  leave the passage  留出走道
  例如:
  leave some food
  leave some homework
  leave some porridge
  get through       通过
8. We’ll serve you cookies and drinks soon after the plane takes off. 
飞机起飞以后我们将为您提供饼干和饮料。
take off     起飞
    Be careful, please. The plane will take off very soon. 
  9. Please wait until the plane takes off. 
  You can’t use it until the plane takes off. 
  not… until     直到……才……. 
  We don’t have dinner until my father comes back home everyday. 
  Don’t go out until the rain stops. 
  We won’t begin the party until everyone is here. 
 
【典型例题】
  根据中英文提示完成下列各句:
  我每天十一点才睡觉呢。
  I _________________________________ everyday. 
吃了晚饭再走。
__________________ you have dinner. 
你进屋再把上衣脱掉。
________________ the coat _______ you go into the room. 
10. You can put on the earphones to listen. 你可以戴上耳机听。
put on   戴上,穿上,上演   
反义词: take off   脱掉
 
【典型例题】
外面很冷,你最好把你的大衣穿上。
It is very cold outside. You had better ____________ your coat. 
你不必戴耳机,没有那么吵。
You don’t have to ____________ the earphone. It is not noisy. 
这个房间太热了,我得把大衣脱了。
The room is too hot. I have to ___________ the coat. 
 
11. You can turn on the light right above your seat if you like. 
    如果你愿意,你可以把你座位正上方的灯打开。
    1) turn on 打开( 灯、自来水龙头、煤气等)
    反义词:turn off    关掉 (灯、自来水龙头、煤气等)
【典型例题】
    根据中英文提示完成下列各句:
    我想听新闻,请把收音机打开。
    I would like to listen to the news. Please _____________ the radio.
    这房间太黑了,请你把灯打开好吗?
    The room is very dark, will you please ________________ the light?
    2) if 引导的条件状语从句
    We’ll go on a picnic if it is fine tomorrow. 
    They’ll come to see you if they are free. 
    We won’t have a sports meet if it rains next week. 
    My father will buy a new car for me if I can finish the work on time.
    If it doesn’t rain next Sunday, we will go hiking. 
【典型例题】
	如果你遇到麻烦,最好向警察求助。
    If you’re in trouble. You ___________________________________. 
	如果你有问题,最好向老师和其他学生求助。
    If you have some questions. You ________________________________. 
    如果下周我有时间,我会来看你的。
    If I _________ next week, I ___________ to see you. 
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Unit 10 On a flight一. 内容:Unit 10 O..Unit 10 On a flight一. 内容:Unit 10 On a flight 二、目标 ① 知识目标熟练掌握本单元的单词、短语、句型和语法② 能力目标能够熟练运用本单元的知识为某个公共场所制定安全公约。 三、重难点 重点:征求对方允许的功能句 难点:课文中语言的理解 四、本单元重点知识:1. 单词: 本单元中单词的...

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