鲁教版(五四学制)八年级上册英语导学案: Unit 1 Could you please clean your room Section A(1a-2d)1

Unit 1 Could you please clean your room? Section A 1a-2d
【学习目标1.掌握1a-2d的词语
2.学习提出礼貌的请求和请求允许;
3.学会使用句型Could you please...?和Could I...?;
学习重点掌握一些家务活动相关的动词短语。
掌握情态动词could的用法和助动词do的用法。
学习难点掌握情态动词could的用法和助动词do的用法
自主学习
1 试读单词,解决语音问题,联系有关旧单词
2 查阅下面的短语动词
1) 出去吃饭_______________      2)在外面待到很晚_____________
3)去看电影_______________        4)搭车_______________
5)完成做某事_______________      6)干净整洁_______________
7)洗餐具_______________          8)倒垃圾_______________
9)叠衣服_______________          10)扫地_______________
3.观察以上词组的构成方式:
【语言点】
1. —Peter, could you please take out the trash?请你把垃极倒掉好吗?
—Sure, Mom.可以,妈妈。
—Could you please do the dishes? 请洗盘子好吗?
—Sorry, I can’t. I have to do my homework.抱歉,我不能。我得做作业。
(1)在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用could代替can,以表示礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而can则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把could看作can的过去式。以上两句中用could是为了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了can, could之外,还可以用may,句子的表达方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。例:
①Could/Can/May I use your car for a day?
②I wonder if I could use your car for a day?
③Do you mind if I use your car for a day?
对于①、②句所作允答可以各种各样,如同意可以说Yes,或Sure或Certainly,还可说Yes, (do) please. 或Of course. (you may/can). 或That’s OK/all right. 如果不同意,可以说I’m sorry you can’t. 或I’m really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免说No, you can’t. 这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常用委婉语气。对于句(3)所作回答可以说Never mind. /Not at all. 表“不介意”。不能用Yes. /Sure. /Of course. /Certainly.等。
无论肯定还是否定应答中,要避免使用could,要用can或may。因为应答须用确定的语气。而could在表请求的问句中是为了表示礼貌或委婉语气,用在应答中则成了不确定语气,与情理不符。所以应答中不说Yes, you could.或No, you couldn’t. 而要说Yes, you can. 或Sorry. /No, you can’t.
(2).区别动词do和make。
“do”与动作及非实质性的事连用,与词尾是-ing的动作名词连用,如:do the dishes(洗餐具),do my homework(做我的家庭作业),do chores(做家务,处理琐事),do the laundry(洗衣),do the shopping(购物),do some reading(读书)
“make”表示“做、制造”、“整理”、“冲、泡(饮料)”等,如:
make your bed(铺床),make breakfast(做早餐),make dinner(做晚饭),make tea(泡茶,沏茶),make myself a cup of coffee(给自己冲一杯咖啡)
5.通过预习你还有什么不懂的地方吗?
【合作探究
1.小组讨论。What kind of chores Peter and his mom will do?
小组讨论怎样回答。
2小组活动编对话
3.听力:先阅读2a题中Peter的父亲拒绝的理由。
然后听2a, 2b。完成练习并核对答案。
4.小组合作做2c。
5.分角色表演2d, 小组讨论解决疑难问题。
根据句意、汉语意思和首字母提示完成句子。
The children are picking up the r_________(垃圾)in the river.
Children often help s__________(打扫)the rooms in the old people’s home.
There are some dirty clothes on the f_________(地板)in his bedroom.
Tom’s room is really in a m________(不整洁).
---Mary, could you help f_________(折叠)the clothes?
---Yes, sure.
根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。
Linda often helps her mother________ _______ ________(洗餐具)after dinner.
Jack, remember to_______ _______ _______(整理床铺)after you get up.
---Could I_______ ________ ________(搭便车)to the center of the city?
---Certainly, please get into the car.
We can’t______ ______ _______(在外面待到很晚)on weekdays.
---Lucy, have you finished_______ _______ ________ ________(打扫客厅)?
---Sorry, I’ll di it at once.
三.选择填空。
1.---Could you please turn off the light?    ---__________.
Yes, I could             B. No, I couldn’t.
C. It doesn’t matter.      D. Yes, sure.
2.---Could I look at your pictures?
---Yes, of course you_______.
should       B. could        C. will           D. can
3.---Could I use your computer, Jim?
---Sorry, I’m going to ________now.
work on it    B. work it on   C. work out it  D. work it out
4.---Mum, Could I finish________ the football match?
---No, you have to do your homework first.
watch     B. to watch    C. watching     D. to watching
5.There are some books in the box. Could you please_________?
take it out  B. take them out  C. take out it   D. take out them

Unit 1 Could you please clean your roo..Unit 1 Could you please clean your room? Section A 1a-2d【学习目标1.掌握1a-2d的词语2.学习提出礼貌的请求和请求允许;3.学会使用句型Could you please...?和Could I...?;学习重点掌握一些家务活动相关的动词短语。掌握情态动词could的用法和助动词do的用法。学习难点掌握情态动词cou

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