Unit12《My childhood in the countryside》学案1(北京课改七年级下)

Unit 12 My childhood in the countryside
一.内容:
Unit 12 My childhood in the countryside
 
二目标
① 知识目标 熟练掌握本单元的单词、短语、句型和语法
② 能力目标 能够熟练运用本单元的知识描述自己所经历的一件事或是自己的童年生活。
 
三、重难点
重点:一般过去时
难点:一般过去时
 
四、本单元重点知识:
1. 单词: 本单元中单词的音、形、意
2. 词组
1)in the countryside 在农村
2)in fact 事实上
3)be filled with 充满
4)in the open air/ outdoors 在户外
5)the unforgettable childhood 难忘的童年
6)some other places 一些其他的地方
7)make some friends 交一些朋友
8)study at London University 在伦敦大学学习
9)be born 出生于
10)green hills 青山
11)a peaceful and quiet world 一个和平祥和的世界
12)turn green 变绿
13)give forth their fragrance 散发出它们的芳香
14)in such a fine season 在这样美好的季节里
15)come back with lovely wild flowers 带着可爱的野花回来
16)jump into the water 跳进水中
17)be filled with laughter 充满了笑声
18)be free 有空,没事
19)most of time 大部分时间
20)stay indoors 呆在室内
21)a huge rock 一块大石头
22)have water fights 打水仗
23)have snowball fights 打雪仗
24)make snowmen 堆雪人
25)rush out 冲出去
26)rush out of the classroom 冲出教室
27)rush into the room 冲进房间
28)an unforgettable picnic 一次难忘的野餐
29)lots of = a lot of = plenty of 许多,大量
30)in the middle of the pool 在池子中间
31)spend …on/ doing sth. 在……花费时间和金钱/花费……做某事
32)the harvest season 丰收的季节
33)be good at having water fights 善于打水仗
34)all kinds of 各种各样的
35)go for a nature walk 自由散步
36)snow hard 下大雪
37)have a long history 有一段悠久的历史
38)find out 查明
39)a complete history 一段完整的历史
40)in three months 三个月之后
41)keep the secret of… 保密
3. 句子
1)How was your holiday? 你的假期怎么样?
2)What was the weather like in Chicago? 芝加哥的天气怎么样?
3)It was pretty good/ just so-so. 相当好/ 一般般
4)Did you enjoy your holiday? 你的假期过得好吗?
5)Did you have a good time in Beijing? 你在北京过得愉快吗?
6)I was born in a small village. 我出生在一个小村子里。
7)I spent my childhood in a peaceful and quiet world there.
我在那个和平安静的世界里度过了我的童年。
8)Trees turned green. 树变绿了。
9)The flowers gave forth their fragrance. 花儿散发着芳香。
10)In the middle of the pool there was a huge rock. 在池子的中间有一块巨石。
11)We often climbed on it and then jumped into the water. 我们常常爬上去,再跳进水里。
12)We swam and had water fights. 我们游泳打水仗。
13)The air was filled with our laughter. 周围充满了我们的笑声。
14)We had to help our parents do something. 我们得帮家长做点事。
15)There were lots of wild fruits there. 那里有好多野果。
16)We stayed indoors most of the time. 我们大部分时间呆在室内。
17)Life in the countryside is so unforgettable. 农村的生活是如此的难忘。
18)If it snowed and all became white outdoors, we would rush out to make snowmen or to have snowball fights.
如果下雪,外面都变白了,我们就冲出去堆雪人或打雪仗。
 
五. 本单元重点知识讲解
1. I was born in a small village. 我出生在一个小村庄。
be born 出生于…… 例如:
I was born in 1996.
I was born in August 1988.
I was born on August 8th, 1988.
I was born in the city of Beijing.
2. There are green hills and a clean river. 那有青山绿水。
3. I spent my childhood in a peaceful and quiet world there.
1) spend 是“度过”的意思。 例如:
The children spent their summer holiday in Hainan.
—Where do you want to spend your winter vacation, Jenny?
—In Yunnan.
—Will you spend your May Day holiday with us?
—That’s OK.
spend … on sth. 花费时间或金钱在……上
spend … doing 花费时间或金钱在做……上 例如:
I spend half an hour reading English every day.
Last week Zhang Yu spent 300 yuan on a beautiful clothes.
They spent two hours doing their homework yesterday evening.
 
【典型例题】
—Do you always spend lots of time playing computer games?
—No, but I spend much time my homework.
A. on; in B. on; on C. in; on D. in; in
上学期这个女孩在弹钢琴上花了很长时间。
The girl ______________________________ the piano last term.
他花费十分钟做出了这道数学题。
He ____________ten minutes _____________________________.
他每天花半小时读英语吗?
Does he ____________________________________ ?
我把所有的业余时间都花在绘画上了。
I ________ all the spare time ______________________.
小明每天花两个小时做作业。
Xiaoming ____________________________ everyday.
2) peaceful 和平的
知识链接:
hopeful
colorful
careful
4. In spring, trees turned green. 春天,树变绿了。
turn green 变绿
知识链接:
turn red
turn yellow
turn grey
turn pale
get warmer/colder
get longer
get shorter
get,turn,become等均可译为“变得”,但它们在用法上有些区别。
(1)get用于口语,通常跟随比较级。
It gets colder. 天气变冷了。
(2)turn是指在颜色和性质等方面变得与原来不同。
His face turned red. 他的脸变红了。
(3)become是指身份、职位的变化,作瞬间动词时指状态的变化。
He becomes a teacher. 他成了一名老师。
将来“成为”不用“become”而用 “be”。
She will be a teacher. 她将成为一名老师。
5. In such a fine season, we children often went to climb a hill and came back with lovely wild flowers.
such 如此,这么
such和so这两个单词的中文意思相近,学生在使用时很容易混淆。其实,这两个单词的用法并不相同,首先要注意的是,两个单词的词性不同:such为形容词,意思是“这(那)样的;这(那)种;如此的”,主要用来修饰名词;例如:
No such thing has ever happened.
I have never seen such a beautiful place before.
而so是副词,意思为“这(那)么;这(那)样;如此地”,主要用来修饰形容词、副词和分词。例如:
Last time I saw him he was so fat!
He was not so much angry as disappointed.
但是,such和so都可以用于名词词组。本文主要介绍一下它们在名词词组中的用法。
1) 后接可数名词的单数形式
A. 直接跟名词时,用such;例如:
However did you make such a mistake?
I have never heard of such a thing.
Why are you in such a hurry?
注意:当such前面有no时,必须省去不定冠词a(an),因为no such本身已经包括了不定冠词,相当于not such a(an);例如:
I have no such book. (= I haven’t such a book. )
B. 跟带有形容词的名词时,既可以用such,也可以用so,但应注意冠词位置的不同,例如:
I have never seen such a tall man.
I have never seen so tall a man.
He is not such a clever boy as his brother.
He is not so clever a boy as his brother.
2)后接可数名词的复数形式或集合名词,无论有无修饰语都用such,例如:
Such things often happen in our daily life.
Such people are dangerous.
Whales are such smart animals that they communicate with each other.
He made such stupid mistakes that the teacher tore up the whole paper.
3)后接不可数名词,无论有无修饰语都用such,例如:
Did you ever see such weather?
You can’t drink such hot milk.
She made such rapid progress that she soon began to write articles in English.
4)当复数名词或集合名词之前有few,many修饰;不可数名词之前有little,much修饰时,用so,例如:
so many people / so many students / so few days
so much time / so much money / so little time等。
注意:上述词组中的so实际上修饰名词前的形容词。试比较下列两句:
①I have met many such people in my life.
②I didn’t expect to meet so many people there.
上述两句中都有many,但却分别用了such和so,其位置不同,因此含义也不同。在①中,many和such同时修饰后面的名词;而②句中的so修饰的则是many。
5)当many、much、little、few单独作为名词使用时,用so;例如:
There are so few that I can’t give you one.
This is the girl I have told you so much about.
So much for today.
6)such可以和all、some、other、another、one、no、many、any、few、several等词同时修饰一个名词,但它的位置通常是放在这些词的后面,例如:
All such possibilities must be considered.
I need some such cards.
One such dictionary is enough for me.
We have had several such Chinese paintings already.
I hope never to meet with another such accident.
6. In the middle of the pool there was a huge rock. 池子中间有一块大岩石。
1) in the middle of ……
2) huge
知识链接:
huge ;big ; large ;great
这组形容词都有“大的”之意,但用法不同。huge强调尺寸、体积“庞大”(指体积时,比large ,great所指的体积大),容量和数量“巨大”,不强调重量。如:
He lived in a huge house. 他住在一个很大的房子里。
big最通俗、常用,强调比正常程度、范围及规模的标准大,常用于修饰人、物或数量。反义词是little或 small。如:
They were all very big and strong. 他们个个高大强壮。
large强调远远超过标准的“大”,可指“数量、容量、体积和面积的大”,比big正式,反义词是 small。如:
Shall we go to the largest island or the smallest one?我们去最大的岛还是去最小的岛?
great通常指抽象的事物。可表数量、距离和程度的大,修饰人时,作“伟大的”解。如:
Edison was a great American inventor. 爱迪生是美国伟大的发明家。
7. We usually climbed on it and then jumped into the water.
jump into 跳入
知识链接:
jump over 跳过
jump out of …… 从…… 跳出来
jump onto 跳上去
jump off 跳离……
jump the queue 加塞儿,插队
the queue jumper 插队的人
8. We swam and had water fights. The air was filled with our laughter.
1)have water fights 打水仗
2)be filled with 充满…… , 装满…… 例如:
The bag is filled with books and school things.
When I got home, the room was filled with people.
Don’t go into the room, it is filled with smoke.
知识链接:
be full of 充满…… , 装满……
The bag is full of books and school things.
When I got home, the room was full of people. They were talking about the party.
Don’t go into the room, it is full of smoke.
 
【典型例题】
根据中文提示完成句子
1)教室里都是学生。
The classroom ____________________ the students.
2) 教室里充满了笑声。
The classroom _____________________________.
3) 她的碗里都是菜。
Her bowl _________________________________.
9. In winter, it was quiet in the village. We stayed indoors most of the time. If it snowed and all became white outdoors, we would rush out to make snowmen or to have snowball fights. Life in the countryside is so unforgettable.
stay indoors 呆在室内
play outdoors 在户外玩耍
rush out 冲出去
make snowmen 堆雪人
have snowball fights 打雪仗
unforgettable 难忘的
知识链接:
fair —unfair
able—unable
happy—unhappy
usual—unusual
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Unit 12 My childhood in the count..Unit 12 My childhood in the countryside一.内容:Unit 12 My childhood in the countryside 二目标 ① 知识目标熟练掌握本单元的单词、短语、句型和语法② 能力目标能够熟练运用本单元的知识描述自己所经历的一件事或是自己的童年生活。 三、重难点 重点:一般过

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My childhood in the countryside 北京课改版 七年级下 英语
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