山东省临沭三中七年级英语下册《英语短语句子总复习》课件

15. meet my friends       和我朋友见面     16. by ten o‘clock.          十点之前 18. the Children's Palace          少年宫      19. help my mom make dinner           帮助我妈做饭 二.重点句型1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school 2.Don’t fight =3.Don’t listen to music in the classroom.4.Don’t run in the hallways5.Don’t smoke .It’s bad for your health.6.Don’t play cards in school7.Don’t talk in class8.Don’t watch TV on school nights.9.Don’t  sleep  in  class.10.Don’t  play  sports  in  the classrooms. 11.Don’t sing songs at night.12.Don’t talk when you eat.13.Don’t wear hats in class.14.Do  homework by 10:00.15.Clean your house!16.Make the bed.17.Can we ……?   Yes ,we can .  No, we can’t.Eg:Can we arrive late for class ?     No, we can’t. We can’t arrive late for class.18.Do you have to wash your clothes?     Yes, I do./No, I don’t. 三. 重难点解析:1. 情态动词have to 的用法,意思是"必须、不得不",它侧重于客观上的必要和外界的权威。(1)结构:主语+have to+动词原形+其他(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用has to;句子是过去时,用had to.)如:          We have to wear sneakers for gym class. 在体育课上,我们必须穿运动鞋。Tom has to practice the guitar every day. 汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。I had to get up at 5:00 am last Monday. 上周一,我不得不早上5点起床。  (2)否定形式:主语+don't have to+动词原形+其他(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't have to. 句子是过去时,用didn't have to)如:Nick doesn't have to wear a uniform. 尼克不必穿制服。We didn't have to do our homework at once. 我们不必马上完成作业。(3)疑问句:Do (Does或Did)+主语+have to +动词原形+其他如:Do you have to stay at home on weekends? 周末你必须呆在家里吗?Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 是的,我必须。不,我不必。Did he have to go to bed by 11:00 last night? 昨晚,他不得不11点前上床睡觉吗?  2. 情态动词can的用法(1)表示能力,“会”“能”(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉它吗?Judy can speak a little Chinese. 朱蒂会说一点中文。I can dance and sing. 我能唱歌又能跳舞。(2)表示允许、许可,"可以"、"能"(在这一课中新学的词义)Can the students run in the hallways? 学生们可以在走廊上跑吗?We can eat outside. 我们可以在外面吃东西。Can I come in? 我能进来吗?   注意 同样是情态动词,can 和have to 的用法是有区别的,和大部分情态动词一样,can在否定句中,直接在can后加上not,在疑问句中,把can放到主语前面,并且没有人称和数的变化。  3. hear,listen和sound都有"听"的意思,但三者是有区别的。(1)hear"听说",侧重于"听"的内容I'm sorry to hear that you are ill. 听说你生病了,我很难过。I never heard such an interesting story. 我从来没听过这么有趣的一个故事。(2)listen"听"侧重于"听"这一动作。Listen to me carefully. 认真听我说。The children like to listen to music. 孩子们喜欢听音乐。(3)sound"听起来",它是系动词,后面接形容词等。That sounds great. 那听起来真不错。It sounds like fun. 听起来挺有趣。 4. be in bed "在床上、卧床"in 和bed之间不能用冠词,bed也不用复数。He is in bed for 10 years. 他卧床10年了。Dave has to be in bed early every night.大卫每晚必须很早睡觉。5. arrive late for 与be late for 意思相近,"迟到"Don't arrive (be)late for school. 上学别迟到。I arrived (was)late for the meeting yesterday. 我昨天开会迟到了。 6. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don't +do的用法相似。No wet umbrellas! / Don't put wet umbrellas here! 禁止放湿雨伞!No food! Don't eat food here! 禁止吃食物!No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟! 7.语法(祈使句)祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子,这类句子的主语常是第二人称you,也就是听话者,因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。如:Look out! 小心!Wait here for me! 在这等我!Be sure to come here on time! 务必准时来到这里!祈使句的否定形式多以do not(常缩写成don't)开头,再加上动词原形。 Don't arrive late for school. 上学别迟到。Don't fight! 别打架!Don't look out of the window. 不要向窗外看。 全一册结束 希望你全部掌握! 5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)6.I don’t think…的用法 表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking. Unit 8 I’d like some noodles一. 短语 1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef and tomato                  牛肉西红柿面    chicken and cabbage noodles     mutton and potato noodlestomato and egg noodles       beef and carrot noodles2.would like to do sth \want to do sth    想要作某事3.what kind of noodles                       什么种类的面条4.what size bowl of noodles        什么大小碗型的面5.a large\medium\small bowl of noodles           大\中\小碗的面6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number7. House of Dumplings\noodles        饺子\面馆 Dessert House          甜点屋 二.重点句型1. What kind of vegetables\meat\ drink food would you like?   I’d like ……I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.                              2. What kind of noodles would you like?I’d like beef noodles.3. What kind of noodles would you like? I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.                              4. What size bowl \plate of noodles would you like?     三.重难点解析1. would like 想要 (表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于want.would like + 名词   would like an apple (want an apple)would like to do sthHe would like to play soccer. ----Would you like to see the dolphins?----Yes, I’d like to. (1)would 是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,可与人称代词缩写为’d, 与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)  我想要些牛肉。 I’d like some beef.    她想去打乒乓球。She would like to play ping-pang. (你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)(2) Would you like sth.? 是提建议的一种句型,如需用一些,用some而不用any.肯定回答是: Yes, please./ All right./ Yes./OK.其否定回答是:No, thanks. 2. What kind of noodles would you like?kind 在此句中作“种类”讲,              一种,all kinds of                    。kind of 有几分     A cat is a kind of animal.     There are all kinds of animals in the zooThe cat is kind of smart. 3. Can I help you?你要买什么   肯定 Yes, please . I would  like ……     否定 No, thanks. a kind of 各种各样的 各种各样的 Unit 9 How was your weekend一.短语1. play +运动     play soccer    play tennis      play sports      play  the + 乐器   play the guitar     play with…和某人\物玩耍2.have +三餐  have breakferst \lunch \ supper 3. study for…       clean the room      visit sb  stay at home have a party        talk show   4.go to the beach     go to the movies       go for a walk          go to the mountains5.go shopping\do some shopping \go to the shop  买东西6.last weekend\over the weekend         上周末  on  weekends  每周末7.on +某日+morning\afternoon\evening     in + morning\afternoon\eveningin+年\月\季节         at +时刻 last (next)  month\year\week   8.what about+n\v-ing\pren=how about ……呢9.  spend the weekend last week  度过上周的周末10.it’s time to do sth=it’s time for sth   该做么的时候了11.look for 寻找..... 二,重点句型和语法1.一般过去时    表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,通常与     过去的时间状语连用:      yesterday ,last week(month,year)(1)系动词be的过去时: am(is) →was, are →were陈述句:He was at home yesterday.否定句:He wasn’t at home yesterday.疑问句:Was he at home yesterday?                Yes ,he was./No ,he wasn’t. (2)行为动词的一般过去时:陈述句:主语+动词过去式+其它I go to the movie. →I went to the movie.否定句:主语+助动词didn’t+动词原形+其它I don’t go to school today. →I didn’t go to school.一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+其它Do you have breakfast? →Did you have breakfast?Yes,I do./No,I don’t.         Yes,I did./No,I didn’t. (3)规则动词的过去式变化规则变化规则	例词一般在词尾加—ed.	play→played以不发音的e结尾的,只加--d.	like →likedlove →loved以辅音字母+y 结尾的,变y为i ,再加—ed.	study →studiedcarry →carried以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed	stop →stoppedplan →planned动词不规则变化:    do →did    have →had       go →went           see →saw   read →read      get →got    give →gave  sleep →slept   eat →ate      write →wrote  find_---found 2.what’s the date today? It’s …3.What was the date yesterday? It was…4.What’s the weather like today?	                    It’s …? 5.How was your weekend? 6.What did she do ? She did herhomework7.What did he do last weekend ?     He played soccer8..It’s time to go home      = It’s time for home 今天是几号?是…… 昨天是几号?是…… 今天天气怎么样?是…… 你周末过得怎么样? 她干什么了?她做作业了。 他周末干什么了?他踢足球了。 该回家的时候了。 Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?一.短语 1.go on vacation       go to summer camp      stay at homestudy for exams       Central Park        show sth to sb.help him find his father    walk back to…       go shoppingthe Palace Museum      think of          have fun doing sth.bus trip           the Great Wall       Tian’an Men Square 度假 去夏令营 为考试学习 把某物给某人看 帮他找爸爸 购物 颐和园 高兴做某事 汽车旅行 天安门广场 呆在家里 中央公园 走回到 认为 长城 a Beijing Hutong       make sb do sth.decide to do sth        all day  北京胡同 让某人做某事 决定做某事 整天 二.重点句子和注意事项 1.Where did you go on vacation?  I went to summer camp. Where did they go on vacation?  They went to New York City. Where did he go on vacation?    He stayed at home. Where did she go on vacation?  She visited her uncle.2.  Did you/he/she/they go to Central Park?Yes, I/he/she/they did.No, I/he/she/they didn’t.3.  How were  the movies? They were fantastic 4.  have fun doing something 干某事有乐趣= enjoy oneself doing somethingWe have fun learning and speaking English .We enjoy ourselves learning and speaking English .我们学英语有很多乐趣 . 5.  find sb. doing sth.  find sb. do sth. I find him reading the novel (小说).I found him go into the room .6.  corner 角落,角,拐角处in the corner at the corner My bike is at the corner . 发现某人在干某事 发现某人干过某事 在角落里(指在建筑物里面) 在拐角处(指在建筑物外面或道路的拐角) 7.  be lost =get lost , lost (adj.)The girl was lost in the big city .8.  help sb. (to) do sth.=help sb              for sth   He always helps us learn English 9.    make sb. do sth.       let / have sb. do sth.  do前不带toThe movie makes me relaxing .Let the boy do his homework alone . 迷路了 帮助某人干某事 让/使某人干某事 10.  feel+ adj.  感到...I feel hungry / tired /happy / excited 11.   decide to do sth. They decided to go to Hainan on vacation . 决定干某事 Uint 11 What do you think of game shows? 一.	词组1.. TV showssoap opera            sitcom      a comedy                an action movie      a documentary    a thriller  cartoon       Beijing Opera            Animal World       Tell it like it is    Law Today   game show               CCTV News        News in 30 Minutes    Man and NatureChinese Cooking     Around China   talk show                    Lucky52 电视节目 肥皂剧 情景喜剧 一部喜剧 一部动作片 一部纪录片 一部恐怖片 动画片 京剧 动物世界 实话实说 今日说法 游戏节目 中央新闻 新闻30分 人与自然 中国烹饪 中国各地 谈话节目 幸运52 Sports news    sports show         Culture China         体育新闻 体育节目 文化中国 2. write an article for the school magazine. 3. a thirteen - year - old boy.  4. wear colorful clothes.  5. interview sb. 采访某人    in fact. 实际上 6. wear scarves. 戴着围巾              think of 想起,考虑到 给学校杂志写一篇文章 一个十三岁的男孩 穿着颜色鲜艳的衣服 采访某人  实际上  戴着围巾  想起,考虑到  二.重点句型1. What do you think of soap operas? I can't stand them. 2. What do you think of sports shows? I don't mind them.3. What does she think of "Hilltop High"? She doesn't like it.4. What does Tony think of Tommy? He likes him.5. What do they think of Amanda? They love her. 三.重难点解析1. wear (v. 动词) “穿,戴,佩”。根据不同宾语,翻译不同的汉语意思。wear earrings 戴耳环 wear a dress 穿连衣裙wear a watch 戴手表 wear a beard 蓄胡子wear long hair 留长发 2. think "想,考虑,思索"(v. 动词)可以和许多介词搭配,组成新的意思。A:think of                       有时等于think about.What does he think of Beijing Opera?他对京剧有什么看法?My mother always thinks of everything!我妈妈总是想到所有的东西。think highly of sb. /sth. Mr Black thinks highly of his son. 布莱克先生对他儿子评价甚高。B:think about He is thinking about going to China.他正在考虑去中国。 "考虑";"有...的看法", 对某人或某物评价甚高 "考虑"(指计划,观念,看它是否相宜、可行) 3. too与either的区别too"也",表示肯定意义,与肯定的表达方法连用;而either"也不",表示否定意义,与否定的表达方法连用。(1)—My brother likes to play soccer.我哥哥喜欢踢足球。—I do, too.我也是(喜欢)。(2)—My brother doesn't like to play soccer.我哥哥不喜欢踢足球。—I don't, either.我也不喜欢。also也可以表示"也",但一般情况下,too和either放在句子之后,also放在动词之前。We also love talk shows.我们也喜欢访谈节目。 4. a thirteen - year - old boy a five - month - old baby 5.  enjoy (v. 喜爱,享受)enjoy                                 注意与like/ love用法的区别。like/ love还可以接动词不定式(to do)。I enjoy the soap operas.我喜爱肥皂剧。I enjoy watching the soap operas.我喜爱看肥皂剧。但我们不能说:I enjoy to watch the soap operas.只能说:I like / love to watch the soap operas. 一个十三岁的男孩此结构中,year用单数形式,且用连字符,这种结构用作定语。 一个五个月大的婴儿 后面接名词、代词或动名词, 这个要记住啊 6. mind 表示“介意,反对”的意思时,通常用在疑问句、否定句中。Would you mind opening the window?请你打开窗子好不好?He doesn‘t mind the cold weather at all.他一点都不在乎寒冷的天气。多用于以下句型Would you mind (doing) ...?Do you mind (doing) ...?7. stand 表示忍受(多用于否定句、疑问句)He can't stand the hot weather.他忍受不了炎热的天气。Can you stand the pain?你忍受得了疼吗? (表示请求或征求意见)后接动名词/名词/代词。 9. What do you think of ...? 你认为...怎么样?(谈论对某事物的喜好程度)可选择的回答有: (1)I like it.(2)I don't mind it.(3)I don't like it.(4)I can't stand it.(5)I like it very much.(6)I love it.(7)It's beautiful.(8)They're fantastic Unit 12 Don't eat in class.  一.短语.1. in class    在课上  2. on school nights    3. school rules               4. no talking     5. listen to music     听音乐  6. have to     不得不7. take my dog for a walk            8. eat outside                    9. in the hallway       10. wear a uniform    11. arrive late for class       12. after school     17. be in bed      13. practice the guitar    14. in the cafeteria 在课上 在上学的晚上  校规 禁止交谈 带狗去散步 在外面吃饭 在走廊上 穿制服 上学迟到 放学后 在床上 练习弹吉它  在自助食堂里 Unit 5 I’m watching TV 一.现在进行时Ⅰ现在进行时的用法表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词① now 现在② at this time 在这时③ at the moment 现在④ look 看(后面有明显的“!”)⑤ listen 听(后面有明显的“!”)  Ⅲ 现在分词的构成① 一般在动词结尾处加ing     Eg: go—going look--looking② 以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing。Eg: write—writing close--closing③ 以重读闭音节结尾的动词,如果末尾只有一个辅音字母,应先双写这个字母,再加ing.Eg: get—getting    run—running ( swim, run, put,get,sit,begin) Ⅳ 现在进行时的构成肯定句: 主语+ am/is/are+ doing +其他+时状. Eg: He is doing his homework now.否定句:主语+am/is/are +not+ doing+其他+时状. Eg: He is not doing his homework now.一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+ doing+其他+时状?Eg: Is he doing his homework now?肯定回答:Yes,主+am/is/are   Eg Yes, he is.否定回答:No, 主语+am not/isn’t/aren’t            Eg: No, he isn’t. 二.短语:1.do one’s homework 做某人的作业do housework        做家务2.talk on the phone     在电话里交谈,       讲 电话talk about……     谈论……talk to(with)sb       和某人交谈3.write a letter         写信write a letter to sb    给某人写信4.play with……       和……一起玩 5.watch TV       看电视TV show           电视节目 做某人的作业 做家务 在电话里交谈,讲电话 谈论…… 和某人交谈 6.wait for sb/sth       等待某人/某物7.some of……        ……中的一些8.in the first photo      在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)in the last photo      在最后一张照片里a photo of one’s family 某人的家庭照片9.at the mall          在购物街at/in the library      在图书室at/in the pool        在游泳池 10.read a book = read books = do some reading看书\阅读11.thanks for = thank you for    为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing) 三. 重点句式及注意事项:  1. 他正在干什么?          What is he doing?他正在吃饭。            He is eating dinner.他正在哪里吃饭?    Where is he eating dinner?他正在家里吃饭。   He is eating dinner at home.2.你想什么时候去?   When do you want to go?让我们六点钟去吧。       Let’s go at six o’clock. 他正在等什么?           What is he waiting for?他正在等公交车。          He is waiting for a bus.4. 他们正在和谁说话?         Who are they talking with?他们正在和Miss Wu说话。  They are talking with Miss Wu.5. 你们正在谈论什么?         What are you talking about?我们正在谈论天气。         We are talking about the weather. 6. 他们都正在去上学。        They are all going to school.7. 这儿是一些我的照片。     Here are some of my photos.这儿是一些肉。           Here is some of meat. (some of meat不可数,故用is)8. 谢谢你帮我买这本书。 Thank you for helping me buy this book.9. family 家;家庭。强调“整体”,是单数;强调“成员”时,是复数。His family has a shower. 他们家有一个淋浴。 His family are watching TV. 他全家在看电视。 Unit 6 It’s raining!  一.短语:1 take photos/ pictures 照像2 take photos/ pictures of sb/ sth                  给某人或某物照相3 玩得愉快 4 work for sb / sth 为某人工作Eg: Yuan Yuan works for CCTV’s Around The World show5 on vacation 度假Eg: There are many people here on vacation. have a good time\have fun\have a great tame 6 some----others--- 一些.....另外一些..... one……the others…….一个....另一个....(两者之间)Eg: There are many students in the classroom. Some are writing, others are reading.7 put on 穿上(动作) wear 穿着(状态)Eg: Tom is putting on his coat now. 8 .on the beach 在沙滩上Eg: Tom and his family are playing on the beach at this moment.9 .this group of people 这一群人10. in this heat 二.重点句型 1.天气怎么样?      在下雨。2.你正在做什么?     我在看电视。3.他们在做什么?     他们在学习。4.他在做什么?       他在打篮球。5.她在做什么?       她在做饭。 How is the weather? In the raining. What are you doing? I‘m watching TV. What are they doing? They are studying. What is he doing? He is playing basketball . What is she doing ? She is cooking .  三.重难点解析  1 询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)① How is the weather in Beijing? (How is the weather today?)② What’s the weather like in Beijing? ( What’s the weather like today?)2 回答上面问题的句式:①It’s + adj. (形容词)    Eg: It’s windy. 3 How’s it going (with you)?4 Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The Word show.5 I am surprised they can play in this heat.6 Everyone is having a good time.7 People are wearing hats and scarfs.① wear 指穿衣服的状态。② put on 指穿衣服的动作。 ① Not bad.② Great!③ Terrible!④ Pretty good. 四.谈论天气的日常用语 1. 今天是晴天/雨天/阴天。2. 天气真好,是吗?3. 看起来要下雨。4. 正是瓢泼大雨。5. 天似乎要转晴。6. 风刮得很大。 It’s sunny/rainy/cloudy. Lovely weather,isn’t it? It looks like rain. It’s raining cats and dogs. It seems to be cleaning up. It’s blowing hard.  It’s snowing heavily.     The snow won’t last long.  It’s very foggy.  The fog is beginning to lift.  It’s thundering and lightening.  What’s the weather like today?  7. 正在下大雪。8. 雪不会持续太久。9. 雾很大。10. 正在收雾。11. 雷电交加。12. 今天天气怎么样? What’s the weather report for tomorrow? It’s quite different from the weather report.  It’s rather changeable.  What’s the temperature?  It’s two below zero.  The temperature has dropped a lot today.  13. 天气预报明天怎么样? 14. 这和天气预报相差很大。15. 天气变化无常。16. 温度是多少?17. 零下二度。18. 今天温度低多了。 前六单元你掌握的还不错,继续努力啊! Unit7 What does he look like?   一.短语1 look like                                  看起来像....2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发3 medium height/build           中等高度/身体4 a little bit                              一点儿…  5 a pop singer                         一位流行歌手6 have a new look                  呈现新面貌7 go shopping (do some shopping)       去购物8 the captain of the basketball team    篮球队队长 9 be popular with sb         为---所喜爱10 stop to do sth           停下来去做某事11 stop doing sth      停止正在做的事情12 tell jokes/ stories       讲笑话/ 讲故事13 have fun doing sth      愉快地做某事14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)16 one of --- ---               中的一个 二.本单元的重点句:1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.2 What does she look like?3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.5 She’s a little bit quiet.6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.7 She never stops talking. 8 She likes reading and playing chess.9 I don’t think he’s so great.10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.11 Now he has a new look. 三.重难点解析 1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?Eg: What does your friend look like?2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直, 最后说颜色的顺序说。Eg: She has long curly black hair.3 one of + 名词复数 ,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。Eg: One of his friends is a worker.4 不定代词做主语时, 谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.  5.He is …(通常为形容词,包括身高、体形等)He has…(通常为形容词修饰的名词,包括头发、五官)He wears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等,也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须)6.I don’t think…的用法 表达否定的看法 I don’t think she is good-looking. Unit 8 I’d like some noodles一. 短语 1. beef and tomato noodles\noodles with beef and tomato                  牛肉西红柿面    chicken and cabbage noodles     mutton and potato noodlestomato and egg noodles       beef and carrot noodles2.would like to do sth \want to do sth    想要作某事3.what kind of noodles                       什么种类的面条4.what size bowl of noodles        什么大小碗型的面5.a large\medium\small bowl of noodles           大\中\小碗的面6.ice cream 冰淇淋 orange juice桔汁 green tea绿茶 RMB人民币phone number7. House of Dumplings\noodles        饺子\面馆 Dessert House          甜点屋 二.重点句型1. What kind of vegetables\meat\ drink food would you like?   I’d like ……I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.                              2. What kind of noodles would you like?I’d like beef noodles.3. What kind of noodles would you like? I’d like chicken and cabbage noodles.                              4. What size bowl \plate of noodles would you like?     前六单元你掌握的还不错,继续努力啊! Unit7 What does he look like?   一.短语1 look like                                  看起来像....2 curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发3 medium height/build           中等高度/身体4 a little bit                              一点儿…  5 a pop singer                         一位流行歌手6 have a new look                  呈现新面貌7 go shopping (do some shopping)       去购物8 the captain of the basketball team    篮球队队长 9 be popular with sb         为---所喜爱10 stop to do sth           停下来去做某事11 stop doing sth      停止正在做的事情12 tell jokes/ stories       讲笑话/ 讲故事13 have fun doing sth      愉快地做某事14 remember ( forget) to do sth 记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)15 remember (forget) doing sth 记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)16 one of --- ---               中的一个 二.本单元的重点句:1 Is that your friend? No, it isn’t.2 What does she look like?3 I think I know her. ( I don’t think I know her.)4 Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.5 She’s a little bit quiet.6 Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.7 She never stops talking. 8 She likes reading and playing chess.9 I don’t think he’s so great.10 I can go shopping and nobody knows me.11 Now he has a new look. 三.重难点解析 1 What does/ do +主语 + look like? 询问某人的外貌特征,看上去什么样?Eg: What does your friend look like?2 形容头发时, 可按照先长短,后曲直, 最后说颜色的顺序说。Eg: She has long curly black hair.3 one of + 名词复数 ,谓语动词要用“单三”形式。Eg: One of his friends is a worker.4 不定代词做主语时, 谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词,应该放在它的后面.Eg: I can go shopping and nobody knows me.  亲爱的学子们,努力学习吧!做这一份课件付出我一周的时间。 祝愿你取得更大的进步。 我相信你一定能行,因为从你的成绩就可以看出你是一个很出色的孩子。要相信自己! 七年级英语下册一共十二单元需要掌握的内容如下,认真学哦! Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 来自于----居住在--- 在周末  给某人写信;写信给某人  在中国  在世界上  be from = come from   live in  on weekends  write to sb = write a letter to sb in China in the world  笔友 14岁 最喜欢的科目  美国   英国  纽约  讲英语  爱憎 去看电影  做运动  pen pal  14 years old  favorite subject  the United States  the United Kingdom   New York  speak English   like and dislike  go to the movies  play sports  二.重点句式  1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from? 2 Where does he live?  3 What language(s) does he speak? 4 I want a pen pal in China.5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself. 7 Can you write to me soon? 你的笔友来自哪里? 他住在哪里? 他说什么语言? 我想要个中国的笔友 我会说英语和一点法语。 请写信谈谈你自己。 你能快点给我写信吗? 三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。1 Canada---- Canadian----  2 France------ French------3 Japan------Japanese----4 Australia----Australian----- 5 the United States------ American----  6 the United Kingdom---British-----  English / French French Japanese English Enghish English Unit 2 Where’s the post office? 一. Asking ways: (问路)   (最近的)……在哪里? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?  我怎样到达……呢? 附近有……吗?    哪条是去……的路?     Where is (the nearest) ……?   Can you tell me the way to ……?   How can I get to ……?       Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood?    Which is the way to ……?    二.Showing the ways: (指路)  沿着这条街一直走。    在第二个路口向左转。    你会在你右手边发现它。     离这里大约一百米远。   你最好坐公交车去。     Go straight down / along this street.  Turn left at the second turning.     You will find it on your right.   It is about one hundred metres from here.   You’d better take a bus.         三.词组   在……的对面   在银行的对面    紧靠……     紧靠超市  在……和……之间 在公园和动物园之间   表示位于三者或三者以上之间     across from ……     across from the bank  next to……         next to the supermarket   between……and……      between the park and the zoo    among  在……前面   课室前面有棵树。   在……(内)的前部   课室内的前部有张桌子  。  在……后面   在我家后面   向左/右拐     在某物的左/右边   在我们学校的左边 in front of……    There is a tree in front of the classroom.   in the front of……           There is a desk in the front of the classroom.behind……     behind my house   turn left/ right  on the left/right of……    on the left of our school   在某人的左/右边  在我左边一直走  沿着……(街道)  沿着中央街  在附近  欢迎来到……   散步   ……的开始,前端  在……的开始,前端    on one’s left/right     on my left  go straight      down /along……      down/along Center Street  in the neighborhood=near here       welcome to……           take /have a walk      the beginning of……     at the beginning of……       起初,一开始  玩得开心,过得愉快     我昨天玩得很开心。   旅途愉快  坐出租车到达: 到这/那/家      in the beginning   have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself     I had fun yesterday.   I had a good time yesterday.   I enjoyed myself yesterday.  have a good trip        take a taxi        get to +地方    get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家     reach +地方    arrive in +大地方     I arrive in Beijing.arrive at +小地方     I arrive at the bank.           从物体表面横过   横过马路 从空间穿过   穿过树林       go across    go across the street    go through     go through the forest    on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Streetat + 具体门牌号+街道的名称    Eg: at 6 Center Street  三.重难点解析  1.enjoy doing sth      享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事    I enjoy reading.      我喜爱读书。    到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.    I finish cleaning the room.     我扫完了这间屋子。 2.hope to do sth    希望做某事         I hope to pass this exam.     我希望通过这次考试。    hope +从句                        I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。 3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。 四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对1   new—old 2   quiet--- busy     3    dirty--- clean     4    big---- small Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?  一.重点词组  eat grass     eat leaves     be quiet       very shy    very smart    very cuteplay with her friends       kind of        South Africa      other animalsat night       in the day      every day       during the day 二. 交际用语 1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.  2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.3. Where are lions from?     They are from South Africa.4. What other animals do you like?I like dogs, too.Why? Because they’re friendly and clever.5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.6. She’s very shy. 7. He is from Australia. 8.He sleeps during the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day. 10.Let’s see the pandas first.11.They’re kind of interesting.12.What other animals do you like?13.Why do you want to see the lions? 三. 重点难点释义1、kind of 有点,稍微    Koala bears are kind of shy.    考拉有点害羞。    kind 还有“种类”的意思如:各种各样的 all kinds of We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.2、China n. 中国    Africa n. 非洲    China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。 There are many kinds of tigers in China.There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的    它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。    The people in Chengdu are very friendly.4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起 有点,稍微 跟,同,和…在一起 4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起    I usually play chess with my father.    注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,                                            如:My father and I usually play chess together.I often play with my pet dog.Don’t play with water! 如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后, Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…” 5、          Koala bears often sleep during the day and eat leaves at night.6、leaf n. 叶子    复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves, knife—knives等。 day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。 通常说in the day, during the day, at night。 7、hour n. 小时;点钟    hour前边通常加上               表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。    There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.8、    be from = come fromPandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为                      ,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much meat    He eats much meat every day. 冠词an be from 来自… 不可数名词 10、grass n. 草, 为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。There is much grass on the playground. 四. 语法知识特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。  特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?Who is that boy with big eyes?    那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?Which season do you like best?    你最喜欢哪个季节? When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?Where does he live?     他住在哪儿?How are you?     你好吗?How old are you?    你多大了?How many brothers and sisters do you have?    你有几个兄弟姐妹? 2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:Who is on duty today?今天谁值日?Which man is your teacher?哪位男士是你的老师?例如:I like English. What/How about you?    我喜欢英语。你呢?What about playing basketball?      打篮球怎么样? 我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。 Unit 4 I want to be an actor.  一.短语:1 want to do sth 想要作某事2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事     Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事      Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home 5 in the day 6 at night 在晚上7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话8 be busy doing sth Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.9 in a hospital 在医院10 work/ study hard 努力工作11 Evening Newspaper 晚报 在白天 在晚上 和----谈话 忙于做某事 在医院 努力工作 晚报 二.重点句式及注意事项: 1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what; 有三种主要句式① What + is / are + sb?② What + does/ do + sb + do?③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?2 People give me their money or get their money from me.3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night. 要记住啊! 4 I like talking to people.5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.6 Where does your sister work?7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?10 We are an international school for children of 5-12. 好好记住啊! 三. 本单元中的名词复数。1 policeman--- policemen    2 woman ---- women doctor----- doctors     3 thief-----thieves 

15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面     1..15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面     16. by ten o‘clock. 十点之前  18. the Children's Palace 少年宫      19. help my mom make dinner 帮助我妈做饭 二.重点句型 1.Don’t arrive late for school=...

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